Pareu | 'Upena - lavender
Ka ‘Upena Ho‘olei a ka Lawai‘a I lalo, i luna, i lalo, i luna...me he nai‘a lā ka lu‘u aku a aea mai o ka hi‘a i pa‘a i ka lima no‘eau o ka mea kā ‘upena. He kamahoi wale ke nānā aku i nā manamana mikioi e lawelawe ana me ka māmā. He ki‘i ‘oni‘oni ia i pa‘a ma ka waihona ho‘omana‘o o nā keiki Hawai‘i he nui paha, ‘oiai ma nā ‘ohana lawai‘a, he hana ma‘amau ke kā ‘upena ‘ana, a pēlā pū nō ho‘i ka hono ‘ana. ‘O nā ‘a‘a‘a lawalua loa o ka honua kai hilo ‘ia i aho no ia hana, ‘o ia ho‘i nā mea o loko o ke kino o ke olonā (Touchardia latifolia). He aho ia i make‘e nui ‘ia e nā kānaka like ‘ole, pū nō me nā luina no waho mai. Ke pa‘a ke kino o ka ‘upena, i kekahi manawa, ho‘olu‘u ‘ia iho i ka hili kukui, a ‘ula‘ula maila, i mea e emi ai kona ‘ike ‘ia e ka i‘a. Ninini ‘ia ka ‘aila kukui ma luna no ka pale ‘ana aku i ke kai a me ka ho‘olō‘ihi ‘ana aku i kona mau lā maika‘i. I ka pa‘a pono ‘ana mai o kahi ‘upena hou, mālama ‘ia he ‘aha ‘aina ho‘ola‘a i mea e komo mau ai ka i‘a i loko a ola nō ho‘i nā kānaka. Ua nui a lehulehu nā ‘ano lawai‘a ‘ana o nā kūpuna me nā ‘upena nō ho‘i, akā ua pau akula kekahi mau ‘ano i ke au ‘ana o ka manawa. ‘O ka ‘upena ho‘olei nō na‘e, ke ō mau nei nō. He sugi kona aho i kēia manawa, akā he ‘o ia mau nō ka lehia o ka po‘e nāna e ho‘olei aku.
Hawaiians made a large variety of fishing nets and net-making itself was a true art. Sewn with fine cordage made from the fibers of the endemic olonā (Touchardia latifolia), the size and shape of a net depended on the type of fishing it would be used for. The maka (the “holes” that make up the net) were partially determined by the type of fish that would be caught. The ʻupena hoʻolei, or throw net, was the inspiration for this shirt, but it is just one of many types of nets Hawaiian nets including bag nets, bordered nets, and scoop nets. If you look closely, you will see the tiny phrases: E hoʻolei aku (Toss it out) and E hoʻolako mai (supply me with all I need). Our kūpuna taught us to take only what you need for your family and to share with those around you. Many elders express sadness about the dawn of the commercial fishing era and the burden it has placed upon our marine resources. Throw net fishing for “home use” is still an important source of food for many Hawaiians today, but declining fish populations and other marine issues pose a threat to this important cultural practice.